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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2583\margr4377\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2583\margrsxn4377\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1092\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx5110 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex93\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 SOLASA MAHAJANAPADAS{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-19 83}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri19\sb228\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 war, and one of the former, Kamsa, uniformly styled \expndtw-2 aranasiggaho\super ??\nosupersub  in Pall works, eventually succeeded in \expndtw5 lexkig the latter kingdom. At any rate, it is known \expndtw8 fond doubt that Mahakosala, father of Pasenadi, \expndtw2 ircised complete sway over Kasl.}\par {\pntext\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi173\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx557 \b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-16\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24  3.\tab}\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi173\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx557 \f2\fs20{\*\pn\pnlvlbody\pndec\pnstart3\pnindent384\pnf2{\pntxta .}}\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-16\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Aiiga :   It lay to the east of Magadha  with\line \expndtw7 tnpa, near Bhagalpur, as its capital.    Some of the\line \expndtw2 iga  monarchs,   like   Brahmadatta,  appear  to   have\line \super\expndtw-1 :\nosupersub eated their Magadhan contemporaries.  Subsequently,\line \expndtw1 wever, Magadha emerged supreme.}\par {\pntext\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi173\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx557 \b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24  4.\tab}\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi173\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx557 \f2\fs20{\*\pn\pnlvlbody\pndec\pnstart3\pnindent384\pnf2{\pntxta .}}\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Magadha:   It comprised the modern districts\line \expndtw0 Patna and Gaya, and the capital was Girivraja. Among\line \expndtw1 ;   notable   pre-Buddhist   rulers   of  Magadha   were\line \expndtw6 ihadratha and his son Jarasandha.}\par {\pntext\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi173\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx557 \b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-17\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24  5.\tab}\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi173\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx557 \f2\fs20{\*\pn\pnlvlbody\pndec\pnstart3\pnindent384\pnf2{\pntxta .}}\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-17\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Vajji:    It represented a powerful confedera-\line \expndtw8 n of eight clans, and was called after one of them.\line \scaps lc \scaps0 other prominent clans were the Licchavis,  the\line \expndtw3 dehas, and the   Jnatrikas.    In   Buddhist   literature,\line 5 Vajjis, like the Licchavis, are often located at Vai-\line \expndtw13 i, which may accordingly be taken as the seat of\line \expndtw-3 3 confederacy itself,}\par \pard\plain\fs2\par{\pntext\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi211\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx607 \b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-13\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24  6.\tab}\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi211\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx607 \f2\fs20{\*\pn\pnlvlbody\pndec\pnstart6\pnindent394\pnf2{\pntxta .}}\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-13\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Malla :     The territory of the Mallas was on\line \expndtw10 3 mountain  slopes,  probably to the north  of the\line \expndtw7 ijjian confederation.   They had two branches with\line \expndtw6 *ir capitals at Kusinara and Pava.   It is noteworthy\line \expndtw1 it in Pre-Buddhist times the Mallas were a monarchy.}\par {\pntext\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi211\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx607 \b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-14\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24  7.\tab}\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi211\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx607 \f2\fs20{\*\pn\pnlvlbody\pndec\pnstart6\pnindent394\pnf2{\pntxta .}}\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-14\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Ceti or Cedi:   The land of the Cetis, identified\line \expndtw10 th the Cedis of the older documents, lay near the\line \expndtw5 mna, and roughly corresponded to modern Bundel-\line \expndtw6 and and adjacent tracts.    Its metropolis was Sukti-\line \expndtw1 iti or Sotthivati-nagara.}\par {\pntext\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi211\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx607 \b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-17\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24  8.\tab}\pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li2\fi211\ri0\sb2\sa0\sl-240\slmult0\tx607 \f2\fs20{\*\pn\pnlvlbody\pndec\pnstart6\pnindent394\pnf2{\pntxta .}}\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-17\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Vamsa or Vatsa :    The country of the Vacchas\line ,s situated along the banks of the Jumna, to the north-\line \expndtw0 3t of Avanti, with its capital at KausSmbi or Kosambi\line .odern Kosam, about thirty miles from Allahabad).   It\line \expndtw9 is Nlcaksu who  fixed his residence here after the\line \expndtw6 struction of Hastinapura.   To this Bharata dynasty}\par }